Countless studies show that a more diversified workplace can lead to increased productivity, creativity, and employee satisfaction. Prudent California small business owners know that productive, creative, and satisfied employees are essential to a profitable business venture. However, many small business owners are unaware that efforts to create a diversified workplace are not just desirable; they are the law of the land. The best way to understand equal opportunity employment laws is to consult a Sacramento business attorney for an overview of what you, as the employer, can and cannot do.
There are a host of federal laws in place that aim to reduce discrimination in the workplace. The preeminent law that applies to every employer in every industry is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Under this law, an employer may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Another is the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which prohibits sex-based wage discrimination for men and women who perform substantially similar work. Age discrimination is prohibited under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, which aims to protect workers who are 40 years of age or older. Finally, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 states that no qualified individual with a disability shall face discrimination in employment.
Compliance with these discrimination laws is governed by the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. According to the EEOC, it is illegal to discriminate in any of the following aspects of employment: