The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that the interpretation offered by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) of 12 U.S.C. § 2607(c)(2) of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) was not entitled to “Chevron deference.” The case at issue is Edwards v. The First Am. Corp., No. 13-55542. Before analyzing the decision, let us explore an important contextual issue:
What the Heck is Chevron Deference?
This is a key principle in administrative law established by the U.S. Supreme Court in Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984). The case raised the issue of how courts should treat federal agency interpretations of statutes that mandated an agency take some action. The Supreme Court held that courts should defer to agency interpretations of such statutes unless those interpretations are unreasonable.